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Happy Pakistan Independence Day: What is the history of the day?


pakistan flag
Pakistani people all over the world will be celebrating today, 14 August (Picture: Getty)

To anyone in or from Pakistan, today, 14 August, is a special day as it is the nation’s Independence Day.

This year, the day marks the 73rd anniversary of their independence.

How is Pakistan Independence Day celebrated and what is the history of the day? Here’s what you should know.

What is Pakistan Independence Day?

Pakistan’s Independence Day, starting in 1947, celebrates the day the nation became an independent state and broke free from British Indian Rule.

The India-Pakistan subcontinent was under British rule from 1849 to 1947.

The movement for independence first broke ground following an uprising in 1857 against the East India Trading Company.

From this uprising, it was a recurring motion to separate the muslim population who were living under the British Indian rule at the time.

The uprising led to the formation of British India’s biggest political party in 1885, the Indian National Congress (INC).

Major Muslim political leaders were members of the INC and made efforts to bring together the Hindus and Muslims in an independent India, and this eventually led to the founding of the All India Muslim League on December 30, 1906.

Following further interest in founding a separate muslim state, in 1930 a plan was presented with the idea of a separate state that would geographically cover the majority-Muslim areas of the country.


Parades and parties in the streets are a common sight on Independence Day (Picture: Getty)

After World War II ended in 1945, the Pakistan Movement, headed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, resulted in the creation of a Muslim state in the Indian subcontinent.

The Mountbatten Plan, named after Lord Mountbatten and also known as the Indian Independence Act 1947, saw Pakistan gain independence from British rule on August 14, 1947.

This newly founded independent state was divided into two parts – East Pakistan and West Pakistan, however, in 1971, East Pakistan officially parted from West Pakistan and formed the country known today as Bangladesh.

How is Pakistan’s Independence Day celebrated?

It is typical for Pakistani people to celebrate by attending parades and gatherings dressed in white and green, the colours of Pakistan’s flag.


Person wearing green and white mask
Green and white are the colours of the day (Picture: Getty)

This is a time in which Pakistani residents exchange gifts and spend time with relatives and friends.

There is also usually a 31-gun salute held in the Federal Capital Islamabad, and another gun salute in the Provincial Capital Lahore.

The prestigious event of changing guards will be held at Mazar-e-Quaid and Allama Iqbal Tomb.

MORE: Kate smacks cricket ball during match with Wills in Pakistan

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